Over the past 40 years, Ashgate has grown to become one of the world’s leading publishing houses. We understand the value of academic research and scholarship, and we are proud of our responsiveness, flexibility and independence. Our business is driven not by text books or journals but by a programme of cutting-edge research publications and specialist reference books. All books published within the Ashgate list are subject to peer review by recognized authorities in the field. We publish over 700 titles a year in Humanities and Social Science subject areas, we have well-established reprint Reference series, and we are the publishers of the highly regarded Variorum series.